1. Where is Oman? Locations and its history
Beyond the walls of its capital city, Muscat, we are able to find a safe and pleasant country with changing scenery that transit between wilderness and also the warm Indian; and a human population which will get you as if you were a part of it. Oman is a country situated in western Asia, on the eastern coast of the Arabian Peninsula. It borders the United Arab Emirates to the northwest, with Saudi Arabia to the west and Yemen to the southwest. The coast, at the same time, is formed by the Arabian Sea to the south and east, and with the Gulf of Oman to the northeast ( More on: https://oman-visa.info)
To talk a little about its historical past, we have that Oman extends its origins to the Stone Age, given that there are signs of human settlements in the area, particularly in Ras al-Hamra, Al Wattih and Harappa. In addition, the city appears called the first time in the 1st century AD. C., particularly when Greeks and Romans documented the existence of a crucial commercial port, what is now presently called “Port of Muscat”, a link between East and West.
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What happened to the Sassanid Empire?
The battles for control of the port of Muscat have been constant over the decades due to its strategic area between the Arabian Sea, the Gulf of Oman and the Persian Gulf. That is to say, many have been the nations that have disputed the control of the territory, so it has been a crucial element for the development and history of the country.
In the third century, after living with the hands of Babylonians and Assyrians, Shapur I started an attack on the port, becoming under Persian rule.
What about the Conversion to Islam?
The Imamate era commenced when conversion to Islam took place. This occurred in the seventh century and in the year 751 the first Imam was already established. From then on, this time period that started and it extended until the middle of the 12th century.
What was the Portugueses in the battles for power over the city?
The Portuguese fleet initially found its way to Muscat in 1507, but they were met with shots from the port. The battles for power over the metropolis were devastating, but ultimately the Portuguese dominated over a century. It was then that the Muscat fortresses were designed, to protect against maritime attacks. Nonetheless, this did not avoid the conquest of the Turks, which occurred twice (in 1552 and from 1581 to 1588.)
What about the Yaruba Dynasty?
In 1624, Nasir bin Murshid was chosen imam of Oman, he was the one who got rid of the Portuguese and was responsible for uniting the nation. He was also the creator of the Yaruba dynasty and from it all the rulers of Oman emerged till 1749. It was a period of excellent territorial expansion since they conquered metropolitan areas of East Africa like Mombasa or Zanzibar.
What do we know about the Al Said Dynasty?
Declivity started in the middle of the 18th century, after having a civil war and the continuing incursions of the Persian king Nadir Shah. During those times, there was a power vacuum that led to theemergence of the Al Said dynasty. The most prominent leader of the 19th century was Said bin Sultan; he heightened military supremacy and beaten Zanzibar.
How were your internal conflicts?
Disputes between tribes in the Oman and the Sultanate resurfaced in the twentieth century, culminating in 1962 with the Dhofar rebellion. Sultan Said bin Taimur had to request the United Kingdom for help to quell the revolts and even had to move his home from Muscat to Salalah.
Qaboos bin Said
On July 23, 1970, Qaboos bin Said (son of the Sultan) started a coup d’etat and overthrew his father. Since then, it has the total power of the country, distinguished as Sultanate of Oman. No, he is also Prime Minister, Minister of Defense, Minister of Foreign Affairs and Minister of Finance. His official home is in the Al Alam Palace.